Luke Chapter 9
The Mount of Transfiguration
Read Luke 9:28-36
In the verse right before this passage (verse 27), Jesus told His disciples that some of them "will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God." Our passage today (verses 28-36) tells the story of when Peter, John and James saw Jesus in His glory (on the mountain). In the kingdom of God, Jesus is glorified—by witnessing Jesus' transfiguration, they got a glimpse of the kingdom of God. Peter later wrote about this time, when they were eyewitnesses of His majesty. Read II Peter 1:16-18
Verse 30—Moses represents the law (Old Covenant), Elijah represents the prophets—both of which foretold about the coming Messiah (Jesus).
Verse 32—Peter, James and John were "overcome with sleep." Perhaps God did not want them to hear what was being said (see verse 31). If you jump ahead in Luke 9 to verses 44-45, Jesus told the disciples that He was "going to be delivered into the hands of men. But they did not understand this statement, and it was concealed from them." It was God's will that they would not understand these things until after Jesus' resurrection.
Verse 35—"listen to Him"
—Jesus fulfills the Old Testament law and prophets. Read Matthew 5:17
—God was telling the disciples that Jesus is their authority, not the ceremonial and sacrificial laws of the Old Covenant. Jesus ushered in the New Covenant, which replaced the Old. Read Hebrews 8:6-7, 13